pierre malandain + marianne hardy

Four years after the death of his first wife, Pierre married a second time to Marianne Hardy at the Threadneedle Street French Church:

Malandin, Pierre natif de Fecamp en Normandie, veuf, Marianne Hardie, native de Londres, fille de Pierre Hardie et d’Anne sa femme. Janv 1721.

Pierre and Marianne had four children and all were baptised in the French Church. It may be a coincidence but it appears that all their children were named after one of their godparents. Jean was born on 25 July 1722 and baptised at Threadneedle Street on 5 August — Mallandain, Jean, fils de Pierre et de Marie Anne Hardy. Tem. Jean Berue, Marie Lesturgeon. Ne le 25e Juillet. Aout 05, 1722.

Moyse was born on 30 September 1723 and baptised at Threadneedle Street on 13 October — Mallandain, Moyse, fils de Pierre et Marie Anne Hardy sa femme. Tem. Moyse Ouvry, Marie Mallandain. Ne le 30e Septembre. Oct 13, 1723. Sadly, Moyse died only two days after his baptism and was buried in the church yard at St John, Hackney.

Esther was born on 31 January 1725 and baptised at Threadneedle Street on 14 February — Mallendin, Esther, fille de Pierre M et de Marianne sa femme. Tem Le Pere, Esther Baudouin nee le 31 Jan, 14 Feb 1725. Her godmother Esther Baudouin may have been related to Pierre’s mother, Marthe Baudoin, although no further research has been done to confirm this. Esther died two weeks later and was buried at St Dunstan, Stepney on 26 February 1725.

Gabriel was born on 14 May 1726 and baptised at Threadneedle Street on 29 May — Mallandin, Gabriel, fils de Pierre et de Marianne Hardie sa femme. Tem. Gabriel Degoullainne, Marie Berru. Ne le 14 courant, Mai 29 1726.

In 1728, Marianne applied to the Royal Bounty, a relief fund for French Protestants created by King Charles II, for financial relief for herself and her two children. The entry notes that Marianne was the wife of Pierre and that she was ‘qui le delaisse’ or forsaken by her husband. She applied for relief again the following year and the entry again notes that she was forsaken by her husband and that she had two children aged 7 years and 3 years, her sons Jean and Gabriel. There are no further details to explain why Pierre left his family or where he went.

Ten years later, Marianne applied for assistance from one of the soup kitchens that provided food to the poorest Huguenot refugees and her request appears in The Care Book of La Soupe 1739 – 41:

Mallendain, Marie Anne, veuve de Louis agee de 50 ans, un enfant ages de 17. Maladif. Demeure dans Bethnal Green by ye old Hampshire Hogg — a quarter portions par semaine

The entry notes that Marie Ann, widow of Louis (altered from the original entry of Pierre), was 50 years old with one child aged 17, presumably Jean. Maladif means sickly but it is unclear if that relates to Marianne or Jean and they lived in Bethnal Green by the Old Hampshire Hogg public house and were granted weekly relief. It appears that Gabriel died between 1729 and 1739 as he is no longer listed with his family. Based on subsequent records, it appears that her husband Pierre died between 1729 and 1741 and there are two possible burial records that could relate to his death — on 19 February 1730, a Peter Maulendine from King Street was buried at Christ Church Spitalfields.

St Dunstan, Stepney

The second record notes that Peter Mallendain, ‘from the fleet’, was buried at St Bride Fleet Street on 14 March 1741. The ‘fleet’ refers to the Parish of the Fleet that included three churches near Fleet Street — St Brides, St Dunstan in the West and the Temple Church.

Neither of the burial records contain any reference to the individual’s age so it is impossible to say which one refers to this Pierre Malandain but the second one seems more likely. The spelling of the surname is closer to the way this family spelled their name and it does not seem likely that Pierre would forsake his wife and children and remain in the immediate area — and the parish of the Fleet was some distance from Pierre’s home in Spitalfields.

Another record that points to the 1741 burial is Marianne’s second marriage, to Andrew Chasson, a weaver from Bethnal Green, on 30 November 1741 at St Dunstan, Stepney. Marriage offered women both social and financial security and considering Marianne’s inability to provide for herself and her children, it seems likely that she would chose to remarry as soon as possible after Pierre’s death.

Land Tax records show that Andrew and Marianne lived on Wheeler Street following their marriage but by 1749, they had moved to Westbury Street in Spitalfields. No further records related to them or Marianne’s only surviving son, Jean, have been found.